Clustering with MicroK8s

Note: Each node on a MicroK8s cluster requires its own environment to work in, whether that is a separate VM or container on a single machine or a different machine on the same network. Note that, as with almost all networked services, it is also important that these instances have the correct time (e.g. updated from an ntp server) for inter-node communication to work.

Adding a node

To create a cluster out of two or more already-running MicroK8s instances, use the microk8s add-node command. The MicroK8s instance on which this command is run will be the master of the cluster and will host the Kubernetes control plane:

microk8s add-node

This will return some joining instructions, such as:

Join node with:
microk8s join ip-172-31-20-243:25000/DDOkUupkmaBezNnMheTBqFYHLWINGDbf

If the node you are adding is not reachable through the default
interface you can use one of the following:

microk8s join
microk8s join

The add-node command prints a microk8s join command which should
be executed on the MicroK8s instance that you wish to join to the
cluster (NOT THE NODE YOU RAN add-node FROM)

microk8s join ip-172-31-20-243:25000/DDOkUupkmaBezNnMheTBqFYHLWINGDbf

Joining a node to the cluster should only take a few seconds. Afterwards
you should be able to see the node has joined:

microk8s kubectl get no
NAME               STATUS   ROLES    AGE   VERSION       Ready    <none>   27s   v1.15.3
ip-172-31-20-243   Ready    <none>   53s   v1.15.3

Removing a node

First, on the node you want to remove, run microk8s leave. MicroK8s on the departing node
will restart its own control plane and resume operations as a full single node cluster:

microk8s leave

To complete the node removal, call microk8s remove-node from the remaining nodes to
indicate that the departing (unreachable now) node should be removed permanently:

microk8s remove-node

High Availability

From the 1.19 release of MicroK8s, HA is enabled by default. If your cluster consists of three or more nodes, the datastore will be replicated across the nodes and it will be resilient to a single failure (if one node develops a problem, workloads will continue to run without interruption).

The microk8s status now includes information about the HA state. For example:

microk8s is running
high-availability: yes
  datastore master nodes:
  datastore standby nodes: none

For more information about how HA works, and how to manage an HA cluster, please see the High Availability page.

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