Configuring MicroK8s services

MicroK8s brings up Kubernetes as a number of different services run through systemd. The configuration of these services is read from files stored in the $SNAP_DATA directory, which normally points to /var/snap/microk8s/current.

To reconfigure a service you will need to edit the corresponding file and then restart the respective daemon. For example, to add debug level logging to containerd:

echo '-l=debug' | sudo tee -a /var/snap/microk8s/current/args/containerd
sudo systemctl restart snap.microk8s.daemon-containerd.service

The following systemd services will be run by MicroK8s:

snap.microk8s.daemon-apiserver

The Kubernetes API server validates and configures data for the API objects which include pods, services, replication controllers, and others. The API Server services REST operations and provides the frontend to the cluster’s shared state through which all other components interact.

The apiserver daemon is started using the arguments in ${SNAP_DATA}/args/kube-apiserver. The service configuration is described in full in the upstream
kube-apiserver documentation.

snap.microk8s.daemon-containerd

Containerd is the container runtime used by MicroK8s to manage images and execute containers.

The containerd daemon started using the configuration in ${SNAP_DATA}/args/containerd and ${SNAP_DATA}/args/containerd-template.toml.

snap.microk8s.daemon-controller-manager

The Kubernetes controller manager is a daemon that embeds the core control loops shipped with Kubernetes. In Kubernetes, a controller is a control loop which watches the shared state of the cluster through the apiserver and makes changes attempting to move the current state towards the desired state.

The kube-controller-manager daemon is started using the arguments in ${SNAP_DATA}/args/kube-controller-manager. For more detail on these arguments, see the upstream kube-controller-manager documentation.

snap.microk8s.daemon-etcd

Etcd is a key/value datastore used to support the components of Kubernetes.

The etcd daemon is started using the arguments in ${SNAP_DATA}/args/etcd. For more information on the configuration, see the etcd documentation. Note that different channels of MicroK8s may use different versions of etcd.

snap.microk8s.daemon-flanneld

Flannel is a CNI which gives a subnet to each host for use with container runtimes. The flannel daemon is started using the arguments in ${SNAP_DATA}/args/flanneld. For more information on the configuration, see the flannel documentation.

snap.microk8s.daemon-kubelet

The kubelet is the primary “node agent” that runs on each node. The kubelet takes a set of PodSpecs(a YAML or JSON object that describes a pod) that are provided and ensures that the containers described in those PodSpecs are running and healthy. The kubelet doesn’t manage containers which were not created by Kubernetes.

The kubelet daemon is started using the arguments in ${SNAP_DATA}/args/kubelet. These are fully documented in the upstream kubelet documentation.

snap.microk8s.daemon-proxy

The Kubernetes network proxy runs on each node. This reflects services as defined in the Kubernetes API on each node and can do simple TCP, UDP, and SCTP stream forwarding or round robin TCP, UDP, and SCTP forwarding across a set of backends.

The kube-proxy daemon is started using the arguments in ${SNAP_DATA}/args/kube-proxy. For more details see the upstream kube-proxy documentation.

snap.microk8s.daemon-scheduler

The Kubernetes scheduler is a workload-specific function which takes into account individual and collective resource requirements, quality of service requirements, hardware/software/policy constraints, affinity and anti-affinity specifications, data locality, inter-workload interference, deadlines, and so on. Workload-specific requirements will be exposed through the API as necessary.

The kube-scheduler daemon started using the arguments in ${SNAP_DATA}/args/kube-scheduler. These are explained fully in the upstream kube-scheduler documentation.

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